Sega Genesis power supply specs

Last Updated on January 10, 2021 by Dave Farquhar

When it comes to the Sega Genesis power supply, there’s one important thing to remember. You can use a Genesis power supply in a Nintendo NES, but the reverse is not true. The NES isn’t picky about its power, but the Genesis needs 9 volts DC and the right polarity.

The original Genesis power supply connector is the same size as a Nintendo NES, but the Genesis requires 9 volts DC, center negative, and 1 amp, though 1.2 amps is better. A non-Sega adapter is fine to use as long as it meets these specs, but using AC or the wrong polarity will damage the game console.

Sega Genesis power supply specs

Sega Genesis AC adapter
This model of Sega Genesis needs 9 VDC, 1.2 amps, and a center-negative, 2.1mm plug. Do not attempt to use an original Nintendo NES AC adapter with this unit.

The early model Genesis uses a 2.1mm barrel connector, just like the NES, and it’s probably the most common plug size you’ll find. The odd thing about the Genesis is that it uses the center as negative. It’s much more common to use the center as positive.

So if you’re scavenging around for a substitute AC adapter, make sure you find a center-negative plug. Or just buy a replacement Genesis AC adapter that advertises itself as being compatible with your unit.

Most game store sell power supplies that will work with both the Genesis and the NES. This is because the NES doesn’t care about AC or DC or polarity. These dual-use supplies are safe to use on a Genesis. A Nintendo-branded AC adapter, or an AC adapter that matches Nintendo’s original specs, is not suitable for a Genesis. If you need a new power supply, get one of these multi-use adapters. The versatility makes juggling multiple consoles much easier.

Deviating from the original Sega specs

Sega Genesis AC adapter
When looking for a substitute power supply for an original Genesis, look for this symbol on the AC adapter you are considering.

You can safely deviate slightly from the original Sega specs, as long as you get the polarity correct. A Genesis will tolerate a bit more than 9 volts, so it’s OK to go to 10 volts, or even 12 volts. Just keep in mind more voltage means more heat to dissipate, so the Genesis will run hotter, and over time this can decrease the console’s life expectancy. So even though 12 volts will work, I recommend against it.

Amperage is the other concern. Sega originally specified 1.2 amps. A Genesis will run on 1 amp, but it’s better to give yourself some headway on amperage to avoid burning out the AC adapter. You can go high on amperage without damaging anything, as the unit will only draw the amperage it needs. Having 1.2 or 1.5 amps available is fine; the unit will draw what it needs, and the power supply will run cooler since it’s more than strong enough to meet the console’s needs.

Sometimes an AC adapter will measure its current rating in milliamps, or mA, instead of amps. Just remember 1000 mA is one amp. So you want 1,000-1,200 mA to power a Genesis.

Genesis 2 and 3 power supplies

The newer model 2 or model 3 Sega Genesis needs a 10 volt DC, 850mA, center-positive 1.7mm plug. It is physically and electrically different from the original Genesis, though the same as the 32X or Sega CD AC adapter.

The Sega Genesis 2 and 3 power supplies are physically and electrically different from the original. They are not interchangeable with one another. The plugs won’t fit so that’s a very good clue to stop. But if you force the connector in, power on the console, and try to use it anyway, you’ll damage the console. So don’t do that. Use the model of power supply that matches your Genesis console.

The AC adapters for the Model 2 and Model 3 supplied 10 volts at 850 milliamps. They also have a slightly smaller 1.7mm plug, also known as a EIAJ-03 barrel. They do have the more common center positive polarity, opposite of the original Genesis model.

These supplies are physically and electrically incompatible, so if you have a newer Sega Genesis model 2 or model 3, don’t buy a power supply intended for the original Genesis. You need to track one down intended for the Model 2, so you get the correct polarity and the correct plug size.

Sega CD and 32X power supplies

It does turn out the Sega CD and 32X add-ons used the same connector and polarity as the Genesis model 2 and 3 used. So those AC adapters are completely interchangeable with one another.

Sega Genesis AC adapter
When looking for a substitute power supply for a Genesis 2 or 3, look for this symbol on the AC adapter you are considering.

As is the case with the original Genesis, you can go high on amperage without hurting anything. It’s not uncommon for newer revisions of game consoles to have a reduced parts count due to improved technology, and the newer technology tends to make the systems more power efficient.

Connecting to a TV

Now that you have your power supply sorted, here are some instructions for connecting your Genesis to a TV, if you need it.

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One thought on “Sega Genesis power supply specs

  • September 5, 2020 at 4:06 am

    I use the cheapest approved supplies as possible. They’re always centre positive so I use a polarity switching stub of cable (ebay) 12v is far too high, the factory ones do 14v and are labelled as 10 until under load. These cause unnecessary heat as well. The reglators get way hot but they don’t mind. I like the LM2940CT as oppose to 7805 with a 220uf cap on the output to set the 5v out. You can use a supply down to 7.5v then. It even works on 5v due to lower drop requirements on this regulator. no more massive heat

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